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Taiwan’s Strongest Earthquake in 25 Years: Causes, Damage, and Relief Measures | The Amit Gahlyan

Taiwan’s recent 7.5-magnitude earthquake, the strongest in 25 years, caused widespread damage and casualties. Learn about its causes, impact, and relief measures taken by authorities in this informative article.

Taiwan’s Strongest Earthquake in 25 Years: Causes, Damage, and Relief Measures | The Amit Gahlyan


On 3 Apr 2024, Taiwan experienced one of the most powerful earthquakes in its recent history. The 7.5-magnitude quake struck Taiwan, causing widespread damage, casualties, and triggering tsunami warnings. In this article, we delve into the causes of the earthquake, assess the extent of the damage, and explore the relief measures taken by authorities.

Table of Contents

  1. The Earthquake: Magnitude and Epicenter
  2. Causes of the Earthquake
  3. Impact and Damage Assessment
  4. Relief Measures and Emergency Response
  5. Lessons Learned and Preparedness for the Future

1. The Earthquake: Magnitude and Epicenter

Taiwan’s Strongest Earthquake in 25 Years: Causes, Damage, and Relief Measures | The Amit Gahlyan, Epicenter

The seismic event occurred at 7:58 AM. Taipei time about 11 miles southwest of Hualien City, Taiwan and had its epicenter 25 km south-southeast of Hualien County Hall at a depth of 15.5 km. The magnitude of 7.5 on the Richter scale sent shockwaves across the island, affecting densely populated areas and critical infrastructure.

2. Causes of the Earthquake

Taiwan’s Strongest Earthquake in 25 Years: Causes, Damage, and Relief Measures | The Amit Gahlyan

Several factors contributed to the earthquake:

  • Tectonic Activity: Taiwan lies in a seismically active region due to the collision of the Philippine Sea Plate and the Eurasian Plate. The release of accumulated stress along fault lines led to this powerful quake.
  • Subduction Zones: The convergence of tectonic plates in the region creates subduction zones, where one plate slides beneath another. The sudden movement along these zones generates earthquakes.
Taiwan’s Strongest Earthquake in 25 Years: Causes, Damage, and Relief Measures, Rescue | The Amit Gahlyan

3. Impact and Damage Assessment

The earthquake caused significant damage:

  • Structural Damage: High-rise buildings, bridges, and roads suffered severe structural damage. Some collapsed entirely, trapping people inside.
  • Human Toll: The quake resulted in 9 fatalities and 821 injuries [Data As on Blog Writing Time, May Change Later ] Rescue teams worked tirelessly to locate survivors.
  • Landslides and Tsunami Threat: The tremors triggered landslides in mountainous areas, and tsunami warnings were issued along the coast.

4. Relief Measures and Emergency Response

Taiwan’s Strongest Earthquake in 25 Years: Causes, Damage, and Relief Measures | The Amit Gahlyan

Taiwan’s government and international aid agencies swiftly responded:

  • Search and Rescue: Teams from Rescue organizations conducted search and rescue operations, using specialized equipment to locate survivors.
  • Medical Assistance: Field hospitals were set up to treat the injured, and medical supplies were dispatched.
  • Temporary Shelters: Evacuation centers provided shelter for displaced residents.
  • Infrastructure Restoration: Engineers assessed damage to critical infrastructure and began repairs.

5. Lessons Learned and Preparedness for the Future

  • Building Codes: Authorities will review and strengthen building codes to ensure better earthquake resilience.
  • Public Awareness: Education campaigns will raise awareness about earthquake preparedness and safety measures.
  • Early Warning Systems: Investment in early warning systems can save lives by providing advance notice.


Taiwan’s strongest earthquake in 25 years serves as a reminder of the region’s vulnerability to seismic activity. As recovery efforts continue, the focus shifts to prevention, preparedness, and building a more resilient society.


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